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On 26 February last year, I lost my father due to a stroke. If we had known the symptoms from a stroke it just mite have turn out for the better but it didn’t so. That started the quest for me. What is a stroke? How does it happen? And can you prevent it?
In this article, we will be going through every important matter regarding Strokes according to us @(Healthopolitan). I know that lifestyle choices have a great impact on your health and believe me when I say my father wasn’t the stay-at-home dad he enjoyed life but in the end, it bit him in the *ss. I hope that this article helps a lot of people to realize the dangers of strokes and how to try and prevent them. (9)
What is a stroke?
The fifth deadliest disease or medical occurrence in the world today. It’s also the number one disability Factor in the United States. A stroke affects the arteries that supply blood to and from the brain a stroke occurs because of oxygen-deficient brain cells. Oxygenated blood is carried through the arteries to the brain if they are blockages or ruptures these oxygenated blood cannot reach the brain cells and without oxygen, everything dies. (1,2,3,4,)
Did you know?
80% of strokes are preventable we will dig deeper later-on in this article.
There are mainly 3 types of strokes.
Clots Obstructions – Ischemic Stroke.
Blood Vessel Rupturing – Hemorrhagic Stroke.
Temporary Clots – Transient Ischemic Attack
These ischemic strokes are the most common of the 3 strokes types. About 87% of all strokes are ischemic. These Strokes happen when blockages occur inside arteries or blood vessels the oxygen in the blood can’t get through to the brain cells that needs the oxygen if the blood flow isn’t restored very soon death or permanent brain damage can occur the reason blood clots are formed is because of fatty deposits on the lining of the artery walls these go by the name atherosclerosis and are formed into types namely
These are blood clots that develop inside the blood vessel and overtime blocks the arteries so oxygenated blood can’t pass.
These are blood clots that form in other parts of the body normally it would be the heart upper chest or neck here the fatty tissue dislodges and travels up to the brain where you at some point or arteries become too narrow and can’t let the class pass it here whether class blocks the oxygen from getting to the brain and brain cells die.
The Hemorrhagic stroke is the second most common stroke of the three-stroke types making up about 13% of stroke victims Hemorrhagic StrokeHappens when the wig and blood vessels are arteries birth or rupture the blood then legs out into the surrounding brain and compresses the Brain tissue there are two types of Hemorrhagic Stroke
Intracerebral – Which means inside the brain.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage – This can be caused by a head injury.
Transient Ischemic Attack
It’s referred to as a mini-stroke but you should take this as a major health warning. Transient Ischemic Attack or TIA for short happens when blockages occur in the arteries and stop the blood flow to the brain. This is a temporary thing and can last only minutes.TIA may be a pre-warning that a bigger stroke is imminent get help immediately. (8)
You can use the letters FAST to spot signs of a stroke and then know when to phone 911.
F – Face Dropping.
A – Arm Weakness.
S – Speech Difficulty.
T – Time to call 911.
Symptoms from a stroke
- Uneven smile or droopy hanging face.
- Numbness and Weakness In The Arms.
- A slurred speech you can always ask the person to speak or say something if he struggles or has slurred speech this can be a warning sign.
- VIsion travels a person struggling to see.
- Overall fatigue having trouble walking.
- Lost of coordination and dizziness.
These symptoms are not per se symptoms (like a cold or flu) but can help with warning signs before a stroke really happens we suggest calling 911 and not to drive the person that’s having the stroke to hospital as ambulance paramedics can identify and treat the symptoms immediately.
What time do Strokes occur?
A study that was done by Iwate Medical University looked at patients that suffered either of the three-stroke types. The study was published in the journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. What these Japanese scientists found after examining 12,957 cases it’s that your risk of stroke is very high between 6 a.m. and 8 a.m. and then again at 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. the risk of stroke were much lower when these patients were asleep.
Symptoms from a stroke in women
All the same, as mentioned previously apply but in women, it has found that there are some differences when it comes to symptoms from a stroke in women below are a few mentions.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Seizures and pain.
- Trouble breathing.
- Fainting and loss of consciousness.
- General weakness.
- Hallucinations and sudden behavioral change.
Prevention of the second stroke
A study has found that one in four victims of stroke will have another one here are a few things that you can do to prevent you from having another stroke.
Manage your High blood pressure
HBP or hypertension is just another word for high blood pressure you have high blood pressure when the force of the blood rushing through the arteries is constantly too high. Not only is HBP a very big deal when it comes to heart attacks keeping it in check can reduce the chances of getting a stroke.
Cholesterol is an essence not really that bad your body needs cholesterol to help build cells. But not being looked after can be very bad. Cholesterol is a waxy substance that comes from two places namely the liver or animals(Proteins) eating more trans fat and saturated fat will let the liver know to make more cholesterol. There are a lot of resources and tools out there to help with controlling cholesterol.
First things first you don’t have to be a Michelin 5 star chef to start eating healthy there are a lot of tips on this site and on the internet which guides you through meal plans, you can follow once on this website called dash diet or just google healthy meal plans. You will have to put in some effort just for the grocery list knowing what to buy for healthy living.
By losing weight and living healthy not only will this make you feel good, but it will also lift your quality of life too. Keeping a healthy balance between exercise and healthy eating is crucial to the prevention of strokes.
Quit smoking and Vaping
If you think that vaping is safer than cigarettes there is some bigger concerns with vaping and e-cigarette in some cases e-cigarettes can give a bigger dose of nicotine than normal cigarettes.
Take prescribed medication
Check with your medical practitioner before making any big changes to the medication that you are taking at the moment.
Effects after a stroke
First, we have to divide the brain into two hemispheres the left brain and the right brain depending on where the stroke its defects would be as follows.
If the stroke occurs on the left side of the brain the right side of the body would be affected. Some or all of the following effects will be present.
- paralysis on the right side of the body.
- memory loss.
- slow cautious behavior Style.
- speech and language problems.
If the stroke occurs on the right side of the brain the left side of the body would be affected. Some or all of the following effects would be present
- Paralysis on the left side of the body.
- Vision problems.
- Quick inquisitive behavioral Style.
- Memory loss.
Some effects after a stroke include
- Changes in senses.
- Depression or fatigue.
- Vision problems.
- Behavioral changes.
- Memory attention or perception problems.
Test to diagnose Strokes
There are well-known tests out there that can help a medical practitioner to evaluate if you had a stroke we will be looking at three of them.
This test will help the doctor record electrical activity in the heart recording how fast the heartbeat can determine if there is any heart condition that may have led to the stroke..
This test can show the fatty tissue or plague as it’s known in your arteries which supply blood to the face neck and brain it can also show if the arteries have been narrowed or blocked.
A test can find blood clots in the heart that have traveled to the brain.
Stroke medication my name
- Tissue plasminogen activator
- Antiplatelet drugs
- Blood pressure drugs
If you think someone is having a stroke remember the fast approach: face dropping, Arms weakness. slurred speech. time to call the 911 approach. This will help evaluate if the person is having a stroke always dial 911.
Wait for emergency personnel to arrive on scene they can administer a drug called tpa which helps to break up blood clots. If you had stroke chances are higher that you will be getting a second.
You can always work with your doctor on a prevention plan remember if you had a stroke it’s easy to slide into a depression there is always life after a stroke.
Unfortunately for my dad last year we were not prepared we did not know anything about stroke should you come across this article I hope it’s not because of someone already having a stroke or just preparing yourself I hope the latter is the main concern.
I hope you enjoyed this article comment below if there’s anything that I missed let me know what you thought about the article.