Table Of Contents
- 1 What Is Diabetes
- 2 Origin Of The Word Diabetes
- 3 Aspects Of Diabetes
- 4 Insulin In The Pancreas
- 5 Different Types Of Diabetes
- 6 Test To Determine If You Have Diabetes, Prediabetes, Or Neither.
- 7 Risk Factors Associated With Diabetes
- 8 The Hygiene Hypothesis
- 9 Complications Of Diabetes
- 10 7 Day Meal Plan When You Are Diabetic
- 11 7-Day Recipes For Type 2 Diabetics
- 12 Controlling and Managing Diabetes In Children.
- 13 What Parents of Children with Diabetes Can Do
- 14 Conclusion
What Is Diabetes
The big question is can we conquer diabetes will we ever find a cure. Diabetes is a very serious disease that occurs when blood glucose or also called blood sugar is too high. In this article, we will learn if we can conquer diabetes
Blood glucose is the main source of energy for the body and it comes in the form of food that you eat every day.
Insulin is a hormone manufactured by the pancreas and the insulin hormone helps to get the glucose into cells for energy.
The full name for diabetes is actually diabetes mellitus. But most people only refer to the word diabetes. when someone has diabetes it means your body either can’t produce insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin.
Leaving this disease unchecked can lead to a lot of problems including death. Damage to eyes, kidneys, and other organs. We will go into detail regarding diabetes so please feel free to read on. (1,2,3,4,5,)
There are about 30 million people that suffer from diabetes in the United States alone this includes the diagnosed and undiagnosed cases at a high its about 30% of the US population.
Origin Of The Word Diabetes
Named by aretaeus the Cappadocian A Greek physician in the second century A.D. The words diabetes means “siphon” aretaeus described patients who were urinating a lot like a siphon. The word became diabetes when the English adopted it in 1675 previously diabetes came from medieval Latin.
Aspects Of Diabetes
Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels
Insulin In The Pancreas
The pancreas is situated at the back of the stomach and is part of the digestive tract.
The deal with the pancreas is to produce enzymes so that your food can be digested. Inside the pancreas, there is a Small Part probably only 2% of the pancreas that produces insulin and glucagon these two hormones work to regulate the level of sugar in the body.
After you have eaten a meal that carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and passed into the bloodstream.
The pancreas detects the rise in glucose and excretes insulin this helps improve the absorption of this glucose across all the cell membranes once in the cell it’s used by cells for energy.
The problem with diabetes is that the people with this disease either don’t produce enough insulin or the insulin they produced doesn’t work properly.
Different Types Of Diabetes
These are the common types of diabetes we will be looking at each of them separately
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
This type one diabetes affects approximately 10% of all diabetes cases when you have type 1 diabetes it means your body does not produce insulin.
The immune system destroys these cells in the pancreas some people may use the term insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
It mostly occurs in young children or adults but can also be diagnosed in older adults if you have type 1 diabetes you will have to take insulin shots for the rest of your life. Type 1 people must ensure correct glucose levels by taking regular blood tests.
Did You Know – all types of diabetes are treatable
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin for the proper function of the body cells it is also possible that you are insulin resistant.
Type 2 diabetes is the most well-known of the two types and around 90% of diabetes-related cases come from type 2.
When you have type 2 diabetes it is possible to control the symptoms by eating healthy, losing weight, doing exercise, and testing glucose levels regularly.
Another thing with type 2 diabetes is that over time it normally gets worse it’s called a progressive disease and you will probably have to take insulin in tablet form.
People that are obese, as well as overweight, have a higher chance of getting diabetes this is compared to people with normal body weight.
Scientists have linked type 2 diabetes with older people( 40 +) older people became physically less active as well as genetics especially South Asian, African, and Eastern descent have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes affects women during pregnancy these females have high levels of glucose in the blood and a body can’t produce enough insulin to transport this glucose into the cell.
Leaving this type of diabetes can diagnose can result in complications at childbirth between 10 and 20% of diagnosed gestational diabetes will have to take some sort of medication to control blood sugar.
Possibly all type 2 diabetes patients had initially pre-diabetes.
The glucose in the blood was higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes we will be looking at some tests that can be performed by a medical practitioner to see in which category did diagnosis can be made.
Did you Know – diabetes is a metabolism disorder
Test To Determine If You Have Diabetes, Prediabetes, Or Neither.
Medical practitioners can determine in three different ways if a patient has diabetes prediabetes or normal metabolism.
The A1C test
The A1C test is a blood test gives information about glucose levels for the last 3 months. The test is also called hemoglobin a1c or hba1c and can determine prediabetes, diabetes, or normal levels. (8)
Readings From The Test
- At least 6.5% means diabetes.
- Between 5.7% and 5.99% means prediabetes.
- Less than 5.7% means normal levels.
The FPD( Fasting Plasma Glucose) Test
This test is a normal blood test that consists of several hours of fasting the test is performed in the morning. You cannot eat or drink anything except water. Blood must be taken from the patient’s arm and the results are analyzed.
Readings From The Test
- At least 126 milligrams/dl means diabetes.
- Between 100 mg/dl and 125.99 mg/dl means prediabetes.
- Less than 100 mg/dl means normal.
The OGTT( Oral Glucose Tolerance Test)
The oral glucose tolerance test was the gold standard for making type 2 diagnosis but no longer routinely used.
It is still commonly used during pregnancy for gestational diabetes for the glucose tolerance test to give good results the person should be in good health. (7)
Readings From The Test
- At least less than 140 million/dl normal function
- Impaired glucose tolerance 140 milligrams/dl 199 milligrams/dl
- Diabetic greater than 199 milligrams/dl
Risk Factors Associated With Diabetes
The Risk factor for type 1 diabetes different from those of type 2 diabetes so we will look at each of these separately.
Type 1 Risk Factors
Type 1 diabetes is not as clear as the other types of diabetes that we know so far.
Family history – will increase the chances that you get islet cells. These are the group of cells in the pancreas that senses glucose levels some people’s bodies produce antibodies that attack these cells.
Race – type 1 diabetes is more common in certain ethnic groups in the USA.
Caucasian people have a higher chance of type 1 diabetes than that of Hispanic descent.
Environment – rising type 1 diabetes over the last 30 years have been linked to changes in the environment.
The Hygiene Hypothesis
The hygiene hypothesis states that diseases such as type 1 diabetes may be rising because of improved hygiene and decrease frequency of Childhood infections.
It states that young children who regularly got sick have a build-up of a stronger immune system than kids today living in better conditions. Some researchers have linked this with Finland’s cleanliness and high rates of type 1 diabetes in that country
Type 2 Risk Factors
Lifestyle choices have a great impact on developing type 2 diabetes here are a few mentions of factors to consider.
- Giving birth to a baby weighing 4 kilograms or more.
- A history of heart attack or stroke.
- Depression and smoking.
- Family history of diabetes.
- Being of older age namely 45 years Plus.
- High blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Gout a form of inflammatory arthritis.
- Obesity is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Sleep apnea people with sleep apnea have a third bigger chance of developing diabetes.
- Risk factors include higher than normal glucose levels prediabetes.
- Hypertension or high blood pressure.
- Older than 25 risk doubles after 35 years of age.
- Previously unexplained stillbirths or miscarriages.
- Ethnicity appears to be high in women From Asian and Caucasian descent.
- Short stature a study was done in Brazil women in the shortest group of eight had a 60% chance of gestational diabetes.
- Symptoms of diabetes.
- Feeling very hungry even though you are eating.
- Extreme fatigue.
- Blurry vision.
- Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal.
Complications Of Diabetes
- Skin – skin infections and other disorders are common in people with diabetes
- Eyes – your risk of cataracts are high if you do not regularly get checked
- Feet – numbness in the feet as well as other complications
- high blood pressure
7 Day Meal Plan When You Are Diabetic
1,200 calorie plan
Breakfast: One poached egg and half a small avocado spread on one slice of Ezekiel bread, one orange. Total carbs: Approximately 39
Lunch: Mexican bowl: two-thirds of a cup low-sodium canned pinto beans, 1 cup chopped spinach, a quarter cup chopped tomatoes, a quarter cup bell peppers, 1 ounce (oz) cheese, 1 tablespoon (tbsp) salsa as a sauce. Total carbs: Approximately 30.
Snack: 20 1-gram baby carrots with 2 tbsp hummus. Total carbs: Approximately 21.
Dinner: 1 cup cooked lentil penne pasta, 1.5 cups veggie tomato sauce (cook garlic, mushrooms, greens, zucchini, and eggplant into it), 2 oz ground lean turkey. Total carbs: Approximately 35.
Total carbs for the day: 125.
Breakfast: 1 cup (100g) cooked oatmeal, three-quarters of a cup blueberries, 1 oz almonds, 1 teaspoon (tsp) chia seeds. Total carbs: Approximately 34
Lunch: Salad: 2 cups fresh spinach, 2 oz grilled chicken breast, half a cup chickpeas, half a small avocado, a half-cup sliced strawberries, one-quarter cup shredded carrots, 2 tbsp dressing. Total carbs: Approximately 52.
Snack: One small peach diced into one-third cup 2% cottage cheese. Total carbs: Approximately 16.
Dinner: Mediterranean couscous: two-thirds cup whole wheat cooked couscous, half a cup sautéed eggplant, four sundried tomatoes, five jumbo olives chopped, half a diced cucumber, 1 tbsp balsamic vinegar, fresh basil. Total carbs: Approximately 38.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 140.
Breakfast: Two-egg veggie omelet (spinach, mushrooms, bell pepper, avocado) with a half cup of black beans, three-quarters cup blueberries. Total carbs: Approximately 34.
Lunch: Sandwich: two regular slices high-fiber whole grain bread, 1 tbsp plain, no-fat Greek yogurt and 1 tbsp mustard, 2 oz canned tuna in water mixed with a quarter cup of shredded carrots, 1 tbsp dill relish, 1 cup sliced tomato, half a medium apple. Total carbs: Approximately 40.
Snack: 1 cup unsweetened kefir. Total carbs: Approximately 12.
Dinner: Half a cup (50g) succotash, 1 tsp butter, 2 oz pork tenderloin, 1 cup cooked asparagus, half a cup fresh pineapple. Total carbs: Approximately 34.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 120.
Breakfast: Sweet potato toast: two slices (100 g) toasted sweet potato, topped with 1 oz goat cheese, spinach, and 1 tsp sprinkled flaxseed. Total carbs: Approximately 44.
Lunch: 2 oz roast chicken, 1 cup raw cauliflower, 1 tbsp low-fat French dressing, 1 cup fresh strawberries. Total carbs: Approximately 23.
Snack: 1 cup low-fat plain Greek yogurt mixed with half a small banana. Total carbs: Approximately 15.
Dinner: A two-thirds cup of quinoa, 8 oz silken tofu, 1 cup cooked bok choy, 1 cup steamed broccoli, 2 tsp olive oil, one kiwi. Total carbs: Approximately 44.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 126.
Breakfast: A one-third cup of Grape-Nuts (or similar high-fiber cereal), half a cup blueberries, 1 cup unsweetened almond milk. Total carbs: Approximately 41.
Lunch: Salad: 2 cups spinach, a quarter cup tomatoes, 1 oz cheddar cheese, one boiled chopped egg, 2 tbsp yogurt dressing, a quarter cup grapes, 1 tsp pumpkin seeds, 2 oz roasted chickpeas. Total carbs: Approximately 47.
Snack: 1 cup celery with 1 tbsp peanut butter. Total carbs: Approximately 6.
Dinner: 2 oz salmon filet, one medium baked potato, 1 tsp butter, 1.5 cups steamed asparagus. Total carbs: Approximately 39.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 133.
Breakfast: 1 cup low-fat plain Greek yogurt sweetened with half a banana mashed, 1 cup strawberries, 1 tbsp chia seeds. Total carbs: Approximately 32.
Lunch: Tacos: two corn tortillas, a one-third cup cooked black beans, 1 oz low-fat cheese, 2 tbsp avocado, 1 cup coleslaw, salsa as dressing. Total carbs: Approximately 70.
Snack: One cherry tomato and 10 baby carrots with 2 tbsp hummus. Total carbs: Approximately 14.
Dinner: Half medium baked potato with skin, 2 oz broiled beef, 1 tbsp butter, 1.5 cups steamed broccoli with 1 tbsp nutritional yeast sprinkled on top, three-quarters cup whole strawberries. Total carbs: Approximately 41.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 157.
Breakfast: Chocolate peanut oatmeal: 1 cup cooked oatmeal, 1 scoop chocolate vegan or whey protein powder, 1 tbsp peanut butter, 1 tbsp chia seeds. Total carbs: Approximately 21.
Lunch: One small whole-wheat pita pocket, half a cup cucumber, half a cup tomatoes, half a cup lentils, half a cup leafy greens, 2 tbsp salad dressing. Total carbs: Approximately 30.
Snack: 1 oz almonds, one small grapefruit. Total carbs: Approximately 26.
Dinner: 2 oz boiled shrimp, 1 cup green peas, 1 tsp butter, half a cup cooked beets, 1 cup sauteed Swiss chard, 1 tsp balsamic vinegar. Total carbs: Approximately 39.
Total carbs for the day: Approximately 116
7-Day Recipes For Type 2 Diabetics
Credit to Healthline.com For the recipes
Eating a diabetes-friendly diet can help keep your blood sugar levels under control. But it can be difficult to stick to a regular meal plan — unless you have a plan in place.
Check out these 21 delicious, diabetes-friendly recipes to use for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Remember to stay within your carbohydrate allowance by noting the carb content and serving size of the recipes. Also, be sure to balance your meals with lean protein and healthy plant fats.
Breakfast: Cream Cheese-Stuffed French Toast
This may sound too decadent for breakfast, but paired with scrambled egg whites, it can fit into a diabetes-friendly meal plan. Whole grain toast will help ensure you get your daily fiber too.
Lunch: Salmon Salad with White Beans
Salmon is one of the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids and is also a delicious topper to a workday salad.
Dinner: Cuban-Marinated Sirloin Kabobs with Grilled Asparagus
Spice things up with this flavorful skewer. Dried herbs and spices are a great way to pack a punch of flavor without adding unnecessary calories and fat.
Breakfast: Apple Pie Oatmeal with Greek Yogurt
Who wouldn’t like a slice of pie for breakfast? This oatmeal will leave your kitchen smelling like the flavors of fall, and your stomach happy and satisfied. Add some extra plain Greek yogurt on top for more protein.
Lunch: Turkey-Cranberry Wraps
Turkey and cranberry sauce isn’t just for Thanksgiving! This is an easy grab-and-go lunch that even your kids will enjoy.
Note: This recipe may not be appropriate for all people with type 2 diabetes, because it contains 60 grams of carbs per serving. You can adjust the amount of cranberry sauce to lower the carb count.
Dinner: Cilantro-Lime Tilapia with Spinach and Tomatoes
Take a trip to the tropics with this fast fish dish.
Breakfast: Superfood Smoothie
If you think your mornings are too busy for breakfast, think again. This smoothie only uses four ingredients and can be whipped up in a flash.
Lunch: Spinach and Tomato Pasta
This pasta dish is just as good for lunch as it is for dinner. Go ahead and make a double portion for leftovers later in the week.
Dinner: Grilled Turkey Burgers
Burgers really can be healthy and tasty. Round out the meal with oven-roasted sweet potato fries for an at-home drive-thru meal.
Breakfast: Veggie and Goat Cheese Scramble
If your taste buds crave something savory in the morning, this veggie and egg scramble is for you. Sautéed peppers, tomatoes, and onions are combined with eggs and cheese for an appetizing and full breakfast plate.
Lunch: Curried Chicken Salad Stuffed Pitas
What sets this chicken sandwich apart is the creamy Greek yogurt and mayo spread.
Dinner: Jamaican Pork Tenderloin with Lemony Green Beans
This quick, simple dinner is good enough for summer entertaining. Serve it with brown rice or pilaf for a full meal.
Breakfast: Granola with Nuts, Seeds, and Dried Fruit
Make this granola on the weekend and portion it out for a full week’s worth of breakfast for you and your family.
Note: This recipe has a high carb count because of the dried fruit. You can adjust this by removing the dried fruit.
Lunch: Quinoa Tabbouleh Salad
Quinoa is naturally gluten-free and is one of the only plant foods that’s also considered a complete protein. Vegetarians and meat-eaters alike can enjoy this Arabian-inspired salad.
Dinner: Beef and Rice Stuffed Peppers
Stuffed peppers are a sophisticated but family-friendly option for any night of the week.
Breakfast: Banana-Carrot and Pecan Muffins
Serve these muffins at your next brunch and you’re almost guaranteed to have everyone begging for the recipe! Best of all, you can feel good about eating them too.
Lunch: Lemony Hummus
Store-bought hummus can be salty and flavorless. By making your own, you can control the sodium and customize the seasoning to your liking.
Dinner: Chicken Tortilla Soup
Got leftover cooked chicken? Use it up in this spicy soup that’s sure to satisfy!
Breakfast: Tomato and Basil Frittata
Frittatas are a great way to use up leftover ingredients. Serve with whole-grain toast and sliced fruit for a complete weekend breakfast.
Lunch: Butternut Squash and Carrot Soup
Try this soup and there’s a chance you’ll never go back to canned varieties again.
Dinner: Grilled Shrimp Skewers
Shrimp only take a few minutes to cook, which means by the time they hit the grill, it’s dinnertime!
Controlling and Managing Diabetes In Children.
Although there is no cure for diabetes, children with this disease can lead a nearly normal childhood and adolescence if their disorder is kept under control.
It is essential to control diabetes properly in order to avoid complications. Management focuses on routine blood sugar monitoring, insulin therapy, given as multiple injections per day or through an insulin pump, and close regulation of a healthy diet.
Maintaining blood sugars within a normal range can reduce the likelihood of symptoms of high or low blood sugars and decrease the risk of long-term health problems related to poor diabetes control.
In addition to a healthy diet, at least thirty minutes of exercise a day can help your child manage their disease as well. (6)
What Parents of Children with Diabetes Can Do
By working with and supporting your child as they learn to become more independent, you can help them gradually begin to take responsibility for caring for their diabetes while maintaining a sense of independence.
Children above the age of seven typically have the fine motor skills to be able to start giving themselves insulin injections with adult supervision.
They can also check the sugar in their blood several times per day, using simple, chemically treated test strips and a blood sugar meter.
However, these self-care tasks need to be supervised by an adult familiar with diabetes care to make certain your child is properly caring for their diabetes according to your doctor’s guidelines.
If your child takes too much insulin: Their blood sugar can become too low (hypoglycemia), prompting symptoms, including trembling, a rapid heartbeat, nausea, fatigue, weakness, and even loss of consciousness.
If your child takes too little insulin: The major symptoms of diabetes (weight loss, increased urination, thirst, and appetite), can return.
Developing good diabetes management habits when a child is young can have a dramatic impact on their management habits as they get older. Many communities also have active parent groups that are available in which the parents of children with diabetes can meet to discuss their common concerns. Ask your doctor for a recommendation.
Especially type 1 diabetes we can’t do anything about but type 2 diabetes can be regulated.
Exercise, healthy eating, and meditation can all help fight against a disease that under normal substances shouldn’t take a life especially that of children.
Remember, along with your diet and medications, regular physical activity is an important part of managing diabetes or dealing with prediabetes. Because when you’re active, your cells become more sensitive to insulin so it works more effectively. And you just feel better. And look better.
Hope you enjoyed this article let me know of anything that you thought of that I may not have included leaving a comment below if you have diabetes and let us know if there’s anything else that we should include in the update.